Technology is an application of science, mathematics and the arts that is used to change the world. Technological developments are often accompanied by new ethical questions.
The relationship between technology and society is typically characterized as co-dependent, synergistic, or symbiotic. There are many different types of technology. For example, communication technologies include text messaging, video conferencing applications, and electronic mail.
Technology has affected the culture of modern societies in many ways. Communication technology has created new subcultures. It also facilitates political oppression. However, technological advances have been used to improve life and create advanced economies.
Throughout history, there have been different philosophical perspectives on how technology should be applied. Some philosophers view it as a pure science while others believe it must be purposeful.
Philosophical reflection on science has largely focused on the method of knowledge generation. During the Middle Ages, the term “technology” was associated with tools and techniques, but later it was used to denote scientific progress.
During the Industrial Revolution, there was a positive attitude toward technology. Even during the nineteenth century, Karl Marx believed that ongoing technological innovation was crucial for socialism. He wrote Industrial Society and Its Future, a book that was published in newspapers.
During the Renaissance, there was a general appreciation of human creativity and efforts. Francis Bacon’s New Atlantis, written in 1627, is known to have expressed a positive view of technology.
During the 20th century, computer capabilities increased, and the IT industry expanded. As the IT industry evolved, the cost of devices decreased.